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Vegan Old-Fashioned Brownies from 1934

ORIGINS: This old-fashioned brownies recipe is adapted from the 1934 edition of Wisconsin Electric’s annual Cookie Book.

old-fashioned brownies from we energies cookie book

Vegan Old-Fashioned Brownies from 1934

4.67 from 3 votes
Course: Dessert
Cuisine: American
Prep Time: 15 minutes
Cook Time: 30 minutes
Total Time: 45 minutes
Servings: 16 squares
Calories: 247kcal
Author: Jellie
Cost: $0.26 per square
This old-fashioned brownies recipe dates back to 1934, but it's definitely withstood the test of time. Mixed up all in one bowl and ready to eat within an hour!
Print Recipe


  • 1 cup grated chocolate or 3/4 cup cocoa powder 60 g
  • 2 cups sugar 400 g; see Note 1
  • ½ cup melted vegan butter or margarine 120 g
  • 4 flax eggs 1/4 cup ground flax (40 g) + 3/4 cup water (180 g)
  • 1 tsp vanilla extract 5 g
  • ½ tsp fine salt or kosher salt 3 g
  • 2 cups pastry flour 220 g; see Note 2 if you want to sub all purpose flour
  • tsp baking powder 10 g
  • ½ cup chopped nuts 60 g *optional


  • Mix chocolate, sugar, vegan butter, flax eggs, vanilla extract, and salt.
  • Add flour, baking powder, and chopped nuts and fold gently.
  • Spread 1/2 inch thick on a lightly greased 8×8 baking pan. (An 8" round pan also works.)
  • Bake 35 minutes at 350 °F (175 °C). Cut into squares or wedges while still warm.


Calories: 247kcal

Recipe Notes

  1. Typically, I try to go for the bare minimum amount of sugar, but for this recipe, I found that the stated amount of sugar results in the best taste. Even reducing it by only 1/3 cup made the brownies taste a little off. If you absolutely must reduce the sugar, add some extra cocoa powder, otherwise, the resulting bake will taste doughy.
  2. If using all purpose flour, use only 1¾ cups (230 g).

Old Recipes from… an Electric Company?

old-fashioned fudgy brownies from the wisconsin electric cookie book

I have an unexplained fascination for old recipes. As an avid subscriber of the Old Recipes subreddit, I love seeing all the things that people cooked from generations before I was born. From the weird and often disgusting (perfectly summed up by the 70sdinnerparty Instagram account) to the timeless and classic, old recipes can tell us so much about food trends throughout history and the kinds of lifestyles people had, and strove for.

I only found out recently that a lot of utilities companies release cookbooks. I guess this is to encourage people to use their electricity and gas to cook! And a lot of these companies have been around for a loooong time. For example, our local utilities provider in Calgary, ATCO, publishes recipes and holds cooking classes in their Blue Flame Kitchen, and has been doing so since 1930.

Wisconsin Electric Company’s Cookie Book

This old recipe for brownies comes from We Energies, although at the time they published this recipe, they were known as Wisconsin Electric. They release an annual Cookie Book around the holidays, even continuing into the present. You can see their entire cookie book archive here!

old-fashioned brownies from the wisconsin electric cookie book

The first cookie book produced, in 1932, contained two recipes for brownies. One was called “Chocolate Brownies,” and the other, simply “Brownies.” The old-fashioned brownies recipe above is adapted from the one called “Brownies.” I’m planning to bake the “Chocolate Brownies” as well and giving them to my friends for a blind taste test, to see which one is truly the better brownie.

Interestingly enough, although this came out in the midst of the Great Depression, it makes no price concessions. Unlike many (in)famous desserts from the era, like wacky cake and war cake, it doesn’t replace expensive (for the time) ingredients like eggs and butter with cheaper alternatives, nor does it substitute affordable sweeteners like raisins for the two full cups of sugar. The authors no doubt knew that baking a good brownie is far too important to skimp out on!

Just Like Two-Bite Brownies

gooey fudgy brownies from we electric cookie book

Brownies are one of the most commonplace desserts around here in North America. Growing up in an Asian household, though, my first experience with them was when a classmate brought those universally-beloved two-bite brownies to class. To be honest, they weren’t an immediate favourite of mine. Did you know I wasn’t a big fan of chocolate as a kid? Maybe it was a traumatic early childhood encounter with dark chocolate, idk. In fact, to this day I don’t like chocolate cookies or chocolate ice cream. However, I grew to love the soft, chewy two-bite brownies.

This brownies recipe surprised me because, well, it tasted almost exactly like those two-bite brownies! I’ve eaten (and made) some pretty delicious brownies throughout my life, but the perfect texture of the two-bite brownies has remained pretty elusive. It’s either too dry and cakey, or too soft and gooey.

If you follow the ingredient ratios in this recipe, however, you’ll get a result that is extremely similar to the two-bites. Slightly cracking top and a soft, chewy interior! If you omit the nuts and bake them in muffin pans (I would reduce the time by 10 minutes), I bet you’ll get something you can proudly call “two-bite brownies knockoffs.” ?

Who would’ve thought that an old-fashioned brownies recipe from 1932 would turn out so wonderful? Let me know if you enjoyed this old-fashioned brownies recipe. Do you have any old recipes passed down in your family? I would love to hear about your baking / cooking traditions!

Nutrition, Cost, and Emissions Information

Each brownie slice is 247 cal, costs $0.26, and releases 114 gCO2e of carbon emissions into the atmosphere.

Calculation for full recipe as written (16 servings):

Feel free to contact me for sources on the nutritional and carbon emissions information presented here. Note that I am not a nutritionist and guidelines on this page are provided for informational purposes only.

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4 thoughts on “Vegan Old-Fashioned Brownies from 1934”

  1. 4 stars
    Consistency was too dry even after adding a 4th egg, Needed more than 30 minutes to bake (may have layered it too thick). Tastes great.

    1. I’m glad it tasted good! The recipe does call for 4 eggs, but I should’ve specified to use Large or Extra Large. Did you use an 8×8 pan? If you use a smaller size, the batter will be layered thicker and take longer to bake. Thanks for the feedback.

  2. Pingback: My Food Diary: Cooking for My Family ⋆ real ordinary food

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